Skip to content

Business Glossary Terms - A

Back to Business Glossary Main Page

Find below a glossary of terms and definitions that begin with the letter A as it relates to business definitions.

Term Description
AAU - Association of American Universities The AAU is a highly selective membership organization of preeminent public and private research universities. AAU currently has 60 American and two Canadian member institutions. Of the 10 UC campuses, six are AAU members: Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, San Diego and Santa Barbara.
Academic Doctoral Graduate programs are designated by UC campuses either as academic or professional. The category "graduate academic" includes academic doctoral, academic masters, and professional doctoral programs. There is no universally accepted definition of academic vs professional.
Academic Masters See definition of academic doctoral.
Academic Performance Index(API) Rank API is no longer published by the California Department of Education (CDE). CDE previously ranked all public schools from 1 to 10 based on academic performance and progress of individual schools. A rank of 10 means that the school's API fell in to the top 10 percent of all schools in the state at the same grade level.
Academic Rank A level of appointment within an academic series. (e.g., Assistant rank or Associate rank).
Academic Support  A functional expense category that includes expenses of activities and services that support the institution's primary missions of instruction, research, and public service. It includes the retention, preservation, and display of educational materials (for example, libraries, museums, and galleries); organized activities that provide support services to the academic functions of the institution (such as a demonstration school associated with a college of education or veterinary and dental clinics if their primary purpose is to support the instructional program); media such as audiovisual services; academic administration (including academic deans but not department chairpersons); and formally organized and separately budgeted academic personnel development and course and curriculum development expenses. Also included are information technology expenses related to academic support activities; if an institution does not separately budget and expense information technology resources, the costs associated with the three primary programs will be applied to this function and the remainder to institutional support. GASB institutions include actual or allocated costs for operation and maintenance of plant and depreciation.
Academic Year At UC, academic year is indicated by the leading year, so academic year 2018 means 2018-2019. The academic year can be distinguished from the “full year” by the exclusion of the summer term. For most purposes except graduation rates, when summer is included, it is counted as the first term of the year (before the fall term).
Accelerated Programs Completion of a college program of study in fewer than the usual number of years, most often by attending summer sessions and carrying extra courses during the regular academic term.
ACT ACT, previously known as the American College Testing program, measures educational development and readiness to pursue college-level coursework in English, mathematics, natural science, and social studies. 
Adjunct Instructional Staff Non-tenure track instructional staff serving in a temporary or auxiliary capacity to teach specific courses on a course-by-course basis. Includes both instructional staff who are hired to teach an academic degree-credit course and those hired to teach a remedial, developmental, or ESL course; whether the latter three categories earn college credit is immaterial. Excludes regular part-time instructional staff (who, unlike adjuncts are not paid on a course-by-course basis), graduate assistants, full-time professional staff of the institution who may teach individual courses (such as a dean or academic advisor), and appointees who teach non-credit courses exclusively.
Admission Rate The percentage of applicants who are admitted.
Admissions test scores Scores on standardized admissions tests or special admissions tests.
Admits Students who have been made a formal offer of admission to attend the University of California.
Advanced placement (AP) courses College-level courses taught in high school. Students may take an examination at the completion of the course; acceptable scores may allow students to earn college credit toward a degree, certificate, or other formal award.
Advancement to Candidacy When a Ph.D student has completed all of the requirements for the doctoral degree except the dissertation, they may be advanced to candidacy, which entitles them to reduced fees since they are no longer taking classes. Most departments have time limits on the amount of time a student can be enrolled before they need to advance.
A - G Courses The University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU) require entering freshman to complete certain courses in high school. These courses are called the "a-g" courses because of the letter each subject area is assigned: "a" is for History/Social Science, "b" is for English, and so on. To receive "a-g" credit, a high school course must be certified through the UC course approval process. 
Alumni Alumni refers to a graduate or former student of the University of California.
American Indian or Alaska Native A person having origins in any of the original people of North and South America (including Central America) who maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community attachment.
Applicants Students who make a formal application to attend the University of California.
Application fee That amount of money that an institution charges for processing a student's application for admittance to the institution. This amount is not creditable toward tuition or required fees, nor is it refundable if the student is not admitted to the institution.
Asian A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian Subcontinent, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Associate's degree An award that normally requires at least 2 but less than 4 years of full-time equivalent college work.
Auxiliary Enterprises Auxiliary Enterprises are campus services that charge fees for goods and services and therefore are self-supporting. Examples include housing, meals and bookstores.
Average GPA

Typically calculated as an arithmetic mean unless otherwise noted.